Management Hints 100hours per lactation; therefore you can easily see the damage that can be done.  It can carry bacteria, damage teats and teat ends, and can drive bacteria-laden droplets into the teat canal.  The following checks, by you, are advised on the milking machine.  Daily Milking machine checks;  Check the air admission hole is working,  Read the vacuum gauge (should be 48-50 kPa’s),  Check the that the pulsation is 60 beats/min,  No milk should be in the sanitary trap.  Check teats as clusters come off (purple colour indicates trouble)  Check cow behaviour (agitation could indicate stray electricity or faulty machine)  Weekly checks:  Check for twisted liners (will result in that teat not being milked out)  Check for liner condition (cracks, holes etc cause JULY 2018 www.irishfarmersmonthly.com unstable milking vacuum); change liners after 2000 milkings.  Check filters on pulsation airlines,  Check drain valves on pulsator airlines,  Listen to regulator (no air drawn in means an inadequate reserve)  Check regulator filters (they get very dirty with parlour meal feeding),  Check vacuum pump oil level,  Check oil drop rate.  Monthly checks:  Check the effective reserve and regulator function,  Measure the completeness of milking and milking times,  Count cluster squawks and slips,  As the milking machine should be tested twice per year and liners changed after 2000 milkings, it is appropriate to get your technician to come and carry out these checks/ adjustments now.  He will explain why the above checks need to be carried out.  A good milking routine is also necessary to prevent the onset and spread of mastitis:  Milker must wear gloves, have clean apron and have water available through a kinkit hose.  Milking must take place from the front to back of parlour, preparing cows in batches of 3-4. That is drawing fore milk to identify mastitis, washing if necessary and drying each cow(a paper towel to each cow) before transferring clusters across without air-blasts.  The 3-4 cows that have been milked can now be treated with post-milking teat spray (20 mls/cow/milking) – a very careful, robotic exercise.  This ensures that the milker is no more than 1-2 steps from completing all tasks RDS-Forest Service – ensures no time wasting walking up and down.  This routine allows the milker open the front gate to let milked cows stroll out at their leisure as he is changing the Celebrating and rewarding excellence in Irish Forestry since 1988 last 5-6 units.  This should allow a milking time of 7-9minutes per row and ensure no over/under-milking. Irish Forestry and Woodland Awards €12,000 Prize Fund Whether your woodland is for commercial, recreational or a number of different purposes, there is an award category for you. Everyone is encouraged to enter with prizes for winners and runners up in every category. For more information or to be in with a chance to win, contact:  Aim to achieve weight gains REPLACEMENTS: 46 RDS Forestry e: forestry@rds.ie t: 01 240 7215 www.rds.ie/forestry @theRDS of 0.8 to 1.1 kgs/head/day by providing excellent quality grass.  No dosing of yearlings.  Prevent parasites by judicious dosing and grazing management of calves,  On 1st July replacements must weigh: