Management Hints meal feeding and reduce grass availability. With veterinary advice, seriously consider using no antibiotic on cows with SCC’s below 100,000; instead use teat seal very carefully. X The following is the suggested sampling procedure for sensitivity testing; • Take a bulk milk sample and a sample from two high SCC cows, • Ensure there is no contamination of the sterile bottle, • Disinfect the teat ends before sampling, • Discard three squirts of milk from the quarter, • Strip 1 or two good squirts into the sterile bottle and put the lid on immediately, • Submit the sample to your Co-op or Vet lab as soon as possible. X On the day – choose a good time , say 11.00 am-, adhere to the following routine: • Milk out quarters fully, • Disinfect the teat end , starting with the furthest away teats, vigorously rubbing the teat end for 10-15 seconds with cotton wool soaked in methylated spirits, • Avoid contamination of nozzle, • Infuse the contents into the nearest quarters, to avoid contamination, and massage the into the udder to disperse the antibiotic, • • NOVEMBER 2018 Infuse sealer if being used – do not massage udder after sealer is infused, • Teat spray (20 mls) all quarters thoroughly, • Record cow number, date, and product detail( withdrawal time) for each cow, • As the cow is most at risk of infection during the first 21 days after treatment, it is essential to keep her in a clean environment or on bare pastures, keeping a vigilant eye on her for new infection, • Keep dry cows separate from milkers, if possible. X Teat sealers are non-antibiotic substances used to prevent new infection during the dry period. They are particularly useful for : • Cows with extended dry periods, • Where there have been new infections in the dry period during the previous years, • They may be better than an antibiotic product at preventing E.coli at calving where the risk is high or where there is a history of the problem, • Some farmers use teat seal only on cows where the cell count is less than 200,000/ ml and no history of clinical mastitis. Maybe this is the future – antibiotic free! X There is a lot of detail to be adhered to in administering dry cow drugs correctly, but, because the cost of each mastitis case is €220, it is worth spending the time and care. DOSE FOR PARASITES: X Fluke will be a major problem this year on almost all farms: • Dose at housing for Liver and Rumen Fluke with a product that kills all stages of fluke. But if the product only kills immature fluke you must give a second dose 2-3 weeks after the 1st dose. • Go to for specific advice on all parasite prevention/control information. X Weanlings (all) must be dosed for stomach worms (Type 11) and hoose at housing. • Hoose or stomach worms generally should not concent cows and older stock but recently they have become a problem, therefore, a dung or milk sample could confirm the exact status. X All stock should be treated for lice in November. X The commercial products for the above are well known. • Read the instructions. Use the correct quantity for the animals’ • weight. • Shop around for value for money. X Lameness has become a problem on many Irish farms, resulting in severe condition loss: 56