Management Hints Messages: X X X X X JANUARY 2020 www.irishfarmersmonthly.com 7. X X X Make 2020 a LEAN dairy farmer year. Take a LEAN approach to pre-calving minerals. Make plans for your male calves. Use the LEAN approach to mastitis prevention. Use LEAN to prepare now for calving and calf rearing. A LEAN approach to fertiliser management and grass growth. Weigh replacement heifers to ensure they on target. Skills: (Not utilising people or resources effectively): Inadequate training of staff, not able to train staff, being inadequate to manage oneself/staff etc. Contact your Adviser or Co-op person for guidance on this and to set in motion because all other plans and activities flow from the concept By Matt Ryan MAKE 2020 A LEAN FARMIING YEAR! Dairy farmers now need more time to MANAGE their businesses. Why do they not MANAGE more? Because they don’t have time? Can you honestly say that? X Abigail Ryan, Teagasc, at the Teagasc Dairy Conference, outlined how LEAN farming frees up time. X Toyota have been one of the earliest practisers of Lean. The “Toyota Way” definition of LEAN is “ A long journey that needs commitment, patience, long-term thinking, positive mindset and attitude, and continuous improvement which are merged together as operational excellence and as a strategic weapon” f The Toyota Way is regarded as the benchmark for the way many industries should operate. Let’s modify and apply to farming. f LEAN dairy farming means: avoiding/cutting out waste; maximising profit/time per man, per hectare and per € capital invested, f is a business philosophy. It X Abigail says that “LEAN aims to make work simpler to understand and manage by identifying, reducing and eliminating waste in all its forms”. She gave example of types of WASTE. 1. Transport: (Excessive movement of raw material or product). Poor farmyard or paddock layout resulting in excessive movement of cows, calves, silage, feed, fertiliser, slurry etc. 2. Inventory: Excessive use of sprays, drugs, dosing, grass seed, animals(over-stocked), machinery (lying half idle), fertiliser, keeping calves and/or cull cows too long, over-feeding stock that don’t need extra feed, etc. 3. Motion: (Excessive movement): Excessive movement by the farmer, e.g. walking, lifting, searching, moving carrying, going to ‘town’ for small items, etc. 4. Waiting: Deliveries of meal, vaccines, contractors, machinery, AI technician, appointments, members of the farm teams, etc. 5. Over production: (Producing too much of anything): Over-cooling of milk, recording too much of never used information. 6. Defects: (Inferior quality): Antibiotic and high SCC milk, low soil fertility, equipment and machinery breakdowns, lameness, low milk solids production, unhealthy cows; roadways, leaking pipes and water pipes, etc. X “LEAN” APPROACH: MINERALS TO PREVENT Mineral deficiency pre-calving is responsible for retained placenta, calf deaths at birth, calving difficulty, milk fever, tetany and many more related problems. If some of these problems occurred last spring, ask yourself why, with particular emphasis on the quality and quantity of the mineral being fed. Don’t skimp on this investment X A reputable pre-calving mineral must be fed to cows and heifers from 40 days before calving. X Feed 150grams /cow/day. Shake half of this quantity evenly on the silage morning and evening. X If your farm has a special mineral problem then include extra quantities of that mineral. It more than likely will be copper, selenium or iodine. Talk to your Vet so as to get this correct if you want to prevent extra hardship and work. X 60 MAKE PLANS FOR YOUR MALE CALVES: The following was the proportion of beef calves from the Dairy herd for 2018: 40% Fr; 27% AA; 18% He; 7% LM; 3% BB; and 5% others. f From these figures should there be an issue with male calves? f there is, the solutions should be addressed by If Ireland Inc. In the whole of the farming community there should be no shortage of calf housing and rearers (needs co-ordination); calf exports are an option (being worked on); veal production should be an option (DAF should co-ordinate); and the facts/ potential profits from dairy calf –to-beef should be highlighted (Teagasc). f financial support in the short term, as well as the If SFP, is necessary then it should happen because farming is so important to the fabric of rural Ireland. f the meantime, dairy farmers, as they have done in In the past, will have to be pro-active for calving 2020 to deal with male calves. X Some few dairy farmers will be able to hold onto male calves for longer than 10 – 14 days, because they have housing space. f you can rear them for that period and prices/sales If are difficult you would be best to rear and sell as weanlings or as yearlings in April. This is and will be very profitable because there will be a demand for them. f For farmers’ tight in-house space and who have plans to rear on, they should make plans to let out to grass in early March. There is plenty of farmer experience to show that this works well – but plan it. f You should know that you could carry 7-8 calves per ha for the year. X The remaining dairy farmers will have to depend on exports (a small help) but more than anything, on other X